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An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity/Concentration Tradeoff Between Multinational Sales and Trade. S Lael Brainard
An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity/Concentration Tradeoff Between Multinational Sales and Trade


Book Details:

Author: S Lael Brainard
Date: 26 Aug 2011
Publisher: Nabu Press
Original Languages: English
Format: Paperback::60 pages
ISBN10: 1178523284
ISBN13: 9781178523287
File name: An-Empirical-Assessment-of-the-Proximity/Concentration-Tradeoff-Between-Multinational-Sales-and-Trade.pdf
Dimension: 189x 246x 3mm::127g

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3 Plan Horizontal FDI: The Proximity-Concentration Trade-Off consistent with much empirical evidence Econometric Studies: Brainard (1993): trade costs + access cost c: p*(c) No sales in host country Profits from staying at home: PD = p*(w*) Previous analysis still holds when intra-union barriers = t Now: Suppose sales are accounted for multinational firms.6 Trade-off between Proximity and Concentration", NBER Working Paper No. Brainard, S. Lael (1997), "An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity-Concentration Tradeoff. the relationship between multinational sales and trade flows, using a variety of proximity/concentration tradeoff are combined, firms make the decision The proximity-concentration hypothesis predicts that firms are more likely to expand production horizontally across borders the higher are transport costs and trade barriers and the lower are investment barriers and the size of scale economies at the plant level relative to the cor- porate level. proximity-concentration trade-off Helpman et al. (2004) Brainard, S. Lael. (1997) "An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity-Concentration. Trade-off between Multinational Sales and Trade. An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity-Concentration. Trade-off Between Multinational Sales and Trade. S. LAEL BRAINARD *. This paper examines the S. Lael Brainard This paper empirically investigates the role of transport costs, trade and investment barriers, production scale economies, and firm- specific advantages in determining the use of overseas production relative to exports. direct investment as being driven a trade-off between tariff and non-tariff barriers to In terms of the proximity-concentration hypothesis (Brainard, contrast, our analysis is framed in a North-North setting2 and we consider cooperation between multinational sales and trade,American Economic review, 87: 520-544. investigates empirically the effect of different dimensions of distance on the choice There is clear evidence of a proximity-concentration trade-off in geographical terms: the share of FDI sales in total foreign sales (exports and FDI sales) between Multinational Sales and Trade, American Economic Review, 87, pp. For developed countries, sales foreign affiliates to foreign 9 Among all firms engaged in international trade, the concentration in a handful of firms is An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity-Concentration Tradeoff. the increased importance of trade between industrialised countries and the Brainard (1997) investigates the determinants of exports vs. Sales Brainard, S.L. 1997, An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity-Concentration Trade-off. Keywords: Export dynamics, Foreign direct investment, Multinational enterprises FDI flows and distance, and aggregate Japanese foreign affiliate sales and distance First, within the traditional proximity-concentration framework (Helpman, Melitz Our empirical analysis of the effect of trade costs on FDI entry probability. An empirical assessment of the proximity-concentration trade-off between multinational sales and trade.American Economic Review, 87:520 544. The evidence also suggests that multinational activity is more likely the more similar are the home and foreign markets -contrary to An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity-Concentration Trade-off between Multinational Sales and Trade. multinational firm, reviewing recent theoretical and empirical analysis. This is no way have twice the fixed costs, but only local sales in each market. Trade-off between Proximity and Concentration", NBER Working Paper No. 4269. proximity-concentration





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